Welcome to this read-only archive of the Worknets wiki. Our content is in the Public Domain. We were active at this and previous wikis from November, 2004 to July, 2010. Please join us at the sites below where we are now active!Tweet
Andrius Kulikauskas Self Learners Network. Think Through Art with Andrius Kulikauskas. Directory of ways of figuring things out. Chicago Street Artist Blog. Video summary of knowledge of everything. Notes on Gamestorming. Living by Truth working group. Twitter: @selflearners Email: ms @ ms.lt
Edward Cherlin Earth Treasury
Kennedy Owino Nafsi Afrika Acrobats
Ben de Vries
Samwel Kongere Mendenyo
George Christian Jeyaraj
Lucas Gonzalez Santa Cruz
Christine Ax, Steve Bonzak, James Ferguson, Maria Agnese Giraudo, Marcin Jakubowski, Ed Jonas, Rick Nelson, Hannington Onyango, Linas Plankis, Proscoviour Vunyiwa
Andrius helped with the following websites:
This page is my personal profile, plus a list of pages for projects and ideas.
See the table in the middle of this page for a full list of my pages (a complete list, auto-generated from pages with the PageByRicardo tag).
This is another list of the pages, in rough chronological order: FlashDriveEditor, Sneakernet, KnowledgeWork (check out the table of sub-pages, especially IncomeFromSmallComputerRelatedTasks and MoreWaysToEarnExtraMoneyViaTheInternet), FundraisingTrainingPackage, InternetAccessByMobilePhone, FlashDriveEditorServiceProgram, WiFi, ICTTraining, Broadcast, ObtainingComputers, NgoMobile, Offline, GetPaidToCreateEbooks (or just create eBooks for your own use, for many display-devices), PartialSolutions, FlashDriveContent, TeleCenters, SoftwareLocalisation, MicroFinance, BluetoothPhoneIncluder, ThinClientComputers (including both Thin Client and Zero Client systems), ElectronicLibraries, MobilePhoneTrashware, Purchases, KenyaCommunication, CommunityWebTV, MoneyTransfer, SendingAirtime, GprsPhoneComputerSystem, MinimalistTelecentre, BluetoothPhoneIncluderLatestSystem (photos), LaptopInitialSetup, LowCostDevelopmentOfLowCostProducts, BuyingOldLaptops, MobilePhoneBasedBusinesses, TradingElectronicItems, InternetAccessTechnologies, LaptopMotherboardIncluder, PresentingTheIncluderIdeaToGoogle, Freeware, PdaIncluder, LaptopUsersGroup, IncluderWayForwardJuly2008, WiFiNetworks, PitLatrine, SneakernetTrialInKenya, MemoryCardReadWriter, OnlineTextConverter, ReadingJpegTextPagesOnDigitalCameras, DigitalCameraMagnifier, HowToPrintToJpegPagesForDvdPlayers, UyogaBuildingPCs
ICT4D - ICT for Development)Recently, I've been getting interested in how computer technology, the internet and some of the older non-internet or pre-internet communications methods could help people in developing countries to earn a higher income and tackle some of their problems. To this end, I've been working with people in the Minciu Sodas, Worknets and Mendenyo Groups to improve people's access to computers and communication (ICT) in the developing countries of Africa, Eastern-Europe and elsewhere. A lot of the work is related to Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania in East Africa.
A lot of people think that "We must have internet access", but really, it means "We must have a way of moving files and electronic information around". The internet is just one way to do this. There are many others, such as Sneakernets, moving files on removeable media on foot or by vehicle. There is 2-way radio, long-distance Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi equipped vehicles to deliver files, etc. Having said that, in the age of Wi-Fi and WiMAX covering many square miles/kilometres and long-distance Wi-Fi and fibre-optics for inter-city/international communication, the amount of money required to connect the whole of Africa, for example, by mainstream technologies would be pretty small.
One area that particularly interests me is producing a 1-way internet, broadcasting useful information to wide areas. This could be done via radio-stations, TV, satellite, 1-way WiMAX, etc. For people who can't afford internet access, it would provide free news, weather, eBooks, eMagazines, software, learning/teaching material, preventive health information, health alerts, weather alerts, etc.
Most of the information could come from the internet. It would cost very little to broadcast and benefit millions of people. Since it's a one-way broadcast, there is a fixed cost to the broadcaster to transmit the information, but no cost for each additional user. It's not like Internet Service Providers having to provide more equipment and staff when the number of users increases.
From looking at various projects, the main obstacle to development seems to be lack of mains electricity. If people had that, they could ake use of the mountain of old computers, TVs, radios, etc, that the industrialised countries don't want. This could be to increase incomes, communicate with friends, take part in eCommerce, access information on education, healthcare, agriculture, sports, hobbies, etc.
So, for any project that I look at, I'm always thinking about sources of power or how to make very low-power devices that can run on solar power, etc. Longer term, there's no reason why people in developing countries should use unusual, expensive power generators, installed at each individual building. If incomes could be raised, they could use the centrilized power generation methods that other countries use, as long as these are the green, sustainable, non-polluting ones, like wind, wave or solar power.
Projects I'm involved with, led by other peopleThese are the 4 most important projects for the Minciu Sodas, Worknets and Mendenyo Group :-
The online converter is an online, automated version of my manual Text-to-JPEG process on this page and section of mine...
Ricardo September 3, 2009 4:44 CET
A non-internet email system, moving messages and files on USB Flash Memory Drives http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Sneakernet (my article)
Various internet and non-internet methods of moving files and information http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Internet (sections by various people, including me)
A 'one-way internet', broadcasting files, to partially bridge The Digital Divide. http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Radio_and_broadcast(sections by various people, including me)
Andrius - August 23 2007
This is an email that I sent to Andrius, from August 2007, when I first got involved in overseas development issues. He asked whether he could use extracts from my Sneakernet article on the One Laptop Per Child website...
Andrius, yes you can use anything that I've written. I hope it will start a few other people thinking about the ideas. A well-organized 'email by Sneakernet' system involving lots of people is somethng I'd like to see someone try out. August 23, 2007 17:06 CET
I'd better start by telling you a bit more about myself, so we can get to know each other a bit better and so you can see where I might fit into the project.
Firstly, ricardo is just a nickname that I use on web-forums, etc. I'm from the East of England.
I saw your photo online. I've attached one of me to this email, so you see what I look like.
I have a degree in Electronic Engineering, but I prefer working on software. I worked for 20 years in software-development, mostly on 'embedded systems'. This is where systems have boards with microprocessors, ports and interface chips, timers, etc. I would write the software that goes in the 'single-chip microprocessor' to turn it into a particular product, for example a board to test part of a system. This was 10 years ago, so I'm studying some of the modern microprocessors to get back up to speed.
My first thought was that I might be able to do some of the programming (on the USB Flash Drive Editor). However, it really needs someone with more experience of modern microprocessors/microcontrollers than me, and the operating systems that go in them, like Tiny Linux or Java. There are several small firms in the UK that specialise in embedded system design and consultancy. It depends on how much money is available. I can show you some different concepts for the system, based on devices and prices that I've found, and help to write the precise requirements documents.
I'd like to spend some time doing some voluntary work and travelling. I speak a bit of Spanish, so I'd like to see Latin America.
After looking at the OneLaptopPerChild site, MinciuSodas, Worknets and especially Samwel's Rusinga Island projects in Kenya, I'm starting to think like you, that there are many ways that cheap electronic devices and cheap methods of communication could help people in developing countries. If people could get access to all the free information on the internet, such as farming, health and business info, and help and advice from other net users, they could solve a lot of problems themselves and by working with other people.
Ken Livingstone, first elected mayor of London.
Ricardo, thank you for your many wonderful letters. And it's great to see you here at our wiki! AndriusKulikauskas September 18, 2007 7:25 CET
Ricardo, your "partial solutions" concept is simply great. I've replicated your questions, asking about traffic congestion to taxi drivers, and most have a pet idea (in Spanish: "lo que hay que hacer es") and dive head-first into that one idea. As a partial solution, maybe I can teach you 5 words in Spanish? Also, Andrius is (at LucasBlog) asking me about what the lab and allies could do about PandemicFlu (which I care about), so I wonder how we could go about that too. LucasGonzalez September 18, 2007
Ricardo, Thank you for your great work at our wiki. Please let me know how we might improve it and our other websites. I want to work on that these next two months. AndriusKulikauskas November 11, 2007 16:54 CET
Wed, 19 Dec 2007 12:55:30 UTC Evelyn: Ricardo, we are grateful for all the information you have provided on ICT development in rural Africa, and assistance in video, photo editing, animation and other ways of earning small income using the internet.
Wed, 09 Jan 2008 19:03:52 UTC Graham Knight: Hi Ricardo,
As you may have seen, I'm into low cost solar pv including the recharging of batteries. It can be done very cheaply. Have a look at biodesign.webeden.co.uk and come back with queries
Sun, 10 Feb 2008 14:32:40 UTC Prims Lugemwa: Ricardo,I'm very interesting with Technology and techinological innovation that it will inspire and motivating me a lot to engage in ICT.I hope could in touch with activity concerning ICT.
Sun, 16 Mar 2008 22:24:33 UTC Hamimu Byabato: Ricardo,good photo shows geographical features.I'm amongst Uyoga member definitely I see your living fruitness to us, thanks very much .
Tue, 25 Mar 2008 00:57:15 UTC Andrius Kulikauskas: Hi Ricardo, I am traveling to the US. Should I try to visit you in London on my way there? Thank you for all of your fantastic, imaginative investigations!
Tue, 27 May 2008 22:21:04 UTC AndriusKulikauskas: Ricardo, thank you for your help today on the telephone. I just want to jot down your interest that people in the developing world have access to the same services - although perhaps through different technologies - that we enjoy in the developed world - such as libraries and communications. Thank you for all your work towards that!
Sat, 04 Apr 09 03:31:10 +0000 DorindaMoreno: Ricardo, appreciated your vast technologial experience and your appreciation for Central and South America. Please look to Mexico and the indigenous community in the U.S. and north also, we are an entire continent that can utilizee the services provided by this resource. i have a 40 year archive on this area of work and can personally use a lot of support and am just getting started. Thanks for the inspiration. <[email protected]>